Uneven regional development in the Middle Ages: “younger Europe”in transcontinentaland intercontinental networks

Konferencja

czw. 04.11.2021 | 10:00 -
sob. 06.11.2021 | 18:00
dr hab. Dariusz Adamczyk
dr Zdeněk Nebřenský
Praga

Uneven development is most commonly defined in terms of the gap between highly developed, industrialized countries and agrarian countries whose  economies are dominated by primary sector activities. Historians have been pointing out for years that the inequalities prevailing in the world arise from structural conditions that are resistant to change and therefore develop very slowly (F. Braudel). Thus, inequalities are not only the consequences of the Industrial Revolution; they certainly also existed in pre-modern societies.But how do inequalities arise and in which areas do they express themselves? Are they the result of the non-simultaneity of development indifferent regions, which is partly due to geographical conditions (“disadvantaged places”) and thus a constant in pre-industrial societies? Or are they created through interactions and confrontations with more economically and technologically advanced structures? If the latter is true, the nine qualities are caused by external factors.The starting point of the conference is the  recognition that “younger  Europe”,which J. Kłoczowski essentially equates with East Central Europe, although the Balkans, Kievian Rus, and Scandinavia could be  considered a part of it in some  centuries, has  been included in continental and intercontinental interaction networks since the Early Middle Ages. In the ninth and  tenth  centuries, the economies of north-western Eurasia were already remarkably entangled. For example, between about 900 and 950, silver mines in Uzbekistan were running at full speed to serve markets that ranged from the Urals in the east to the Celtic lands on the Atlantic coast in the west, and from the Crimea in the south to central Sweden in the north. But such interactions did not just involve the exchange of precious metals and  goods,  which stimulated commercial cycles. Foreign trade (along with tributes and booty) formed the fiscal and economic basis of the rule of nascent early medieval dynasties. In parallel, the elites of the emerging states converted to Christianity, to both the Latin and Orthodox rites. From the twelfth to fifteenth centuries, a profound transformation of society and culture took place, resulting in the increasing emergence of cities with borough rights, the resettlement of the countryside with  free peasants, the construction of castles, the expansion of written communication, and the founding of monasteries and universities.  These phenomena spread from west to east. In the late fourteenth century and throughout the fifteenth century, Ottoman campaigns led to the conquest of large parts of the Balkans, which initiated the peripheralization of this region. This transformation raises the question of to what extent, and in what regional terms, networks and interactions deepened or – on  the  contrary – leveled out existing social and economic differences in development. Papers  that focus  on the following topics and explore them in comparative perspective are encouraged:


-Trade and goods production

-Monetization and commercialization

-Sovereignsand estates

-Cities and borough rights

-The status of peasants and rural commoners

-The foundation of universities and monasteries

-Imaginationsof unevenness and the simultaneity of the non-simultaneous.

 

Uneven regional development in the Middle Ages: “younger Europe”in transcontinental and intercontinental networks

The conference organized by the German Historical Institute Warsaw in cooperation with the Centre for Medieval Studies, Prague

Conference languages are German and English.

Prague, November 4-6, 2021
Data konferencji: 4-6 listopada 2020

Call for Papers - NIEMIECKI

Call for Papers ANGIELSKI

26
kwi
Wykład
Prof. dr hab. Malte Rolf (Oldenburg): Imperial Russian Rule in the Kingdom of Poland, 1864-1915
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