The Jewish communities in the former eastern territories of the German Reich, especially in
the period from the late 19th century onwards, show a strong organisational involvement
into the Centralverein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens, founded in 1893.
Significant impulses came here from German Jews in Greater Poland (or "Provinz Posen"
until 1918) and Upper Silesia, where protagonists such as the lawyer Berthold Haase
(Poznań), Rabbi David Brauschweiger (Oppeln/Opole) or also the physician Alfred
Goldschmidt (Königshütte/Chorzów) were active. Previous research on the Centralverein
has always focused either on the association's relationship to the non-Jewish majority in
society or on the internal Jewish relationships mostly to the Zionist Association for Germany.
This has led to a focus on the Centralverein's Berlin office or other national Jewish
associations in Germany.
However, the Centralverein in particular had its first concentration in the then eastern
provinces of the German Reich. Thus it is worthwhile to look into regional structures to
discover historical development processes and local peculiarities. Looking at the history
of the provincial associations and local groups provides a more accurate picture of the
defence against anti-Semitism and depicts not only the well-known protagonists of the
Berlin central office of the association but also personalities of local importance.
At the same time, however, the interconnections between political, professional, religious
and organisational networks become more clearly recognisable, also for the reason that they
are always communicated transparently in these networks to the non-Jewish public as well.
The defeat of the German Reich and the Treaty of Versailles led to the cession of territory of
the "Province of Posen" (Greater Poland), West Prussia as well as the founding of the Free
State of Danzig. This led to a considerable shift in the eastern border of the German Empire.
This gave rise to the oddity of the "Centralverband Danziger Staatsbürger jüdischen
Glaubens" (Central Association of Danzig Citizens of the Jewish Faith) in the Free State of
Danzig from 1920 onwards, which nevertheless remained closely linked to the German
Centralverein in organisational terms, as well as the tiny Landesverband Grenzmark-
Westpreußen (regional association of Grenzmark West Prussia) in Schneidemühl
(today: Piła) with about 50 members.
More detailed background information on the Centralverein regional associations in the
former German Eastern territories and the present-day Republic of Poland has not yet been
adequately researched. This also includes essential aspects of the Centralverein's defence
against anti-Semitism, as well as questions of the ideological-political developments of the
association. Meanwhile it were precisely these border regions from which important
impulses originated, for example in the question of the transmigration of Eastern European
Jews overseas. With the current research project, which is currently hosted by the German
Historical Institute in Warsaw, a so far pending, in-depth and systematic study of this region
is executed. In an interdisciplinary examination of the history of the Jewish communities in
relation with the wrapping network of the Centralverein in the former German Eastern
territories 1920-1938, various examples and questions will be discussed during the
The following questions are of particular interest:
- how did the Jewish communities in the periphery or after the separation from the German
- how did the Jewish communities deal with the confrontation with both German and Polish
nationalism, which in both cases led to hostility towards the small minority?
-How was the spread of National Socialism retorted from the Jewish side at the local level?
- To what extent did border regions represent cultural interfaces of Jewish life?
- What memories of these communities still exist today?
- What fate has the material heritage of these Jewish communities suffered?
The workshop is aimed at young researchers (Bachelor's and Master's students, doctoral
students) as well as post-docs and post-doctoral researchers from different disciplines and
working methods, and at museum and archive staff. For speakers of the workshop, travel
and accommodation costs can be reimbursed within the usual limits.
Due to the uncertain Corona situation, we are currently planning the workshop both in
presence and digital/hybrid. Detailed information will follow soon. The workshop will be
bilingual (Polish and English).